How To Buy Best Lamp, Compact Fluorescent or Light Emitting Diode (LED)

How To Buy Best Lamp, Compact Fluorescent or Light Emitting Diode (LED)

How To Buy Best Lamp, Compact Fluorescent or Light Emitting Diode (LED)

best incandescent or halogen cfl led

Light Bulb Buying Guide
With the increase of energy-efficient lighting options, you have more choices than ever when it comes to buying light bulbs. Learn about the different types of bulbs: CFL, LED, and the sizes available to determine what you need.

Compact Fluorescent (CFL) and Light Emitting Diode (LED) bulbs fit standard light sockets and are the most energy-efficient light bulb options. They both have lower wattage than incandescent bulbs, but emit the same light output. This allows them to produce the same amount of light, but use less energy. View the chart for key differences:

Compact Fluorescent (CFL)

  • Save up to 75% in annual energy costs
  • Last up to 9 years
  • Contains a small amount of mercury

 

Light Emitting Diode (LED)

  • Save up to 86% in annual energy costs
  • Last up to 20 years
  • Does not contain mercury

A few more facts:
CFLs
An electric current flows between electrodes at each end of a tube containing gases. The reaction
produces ultraviolet (UV) light and heat. The UV light is transformed into visible light when it strikes a
phosphor coating on the inside of the bulb.
Available for outdoor use; just make sure the packaging indicates the bulb is rated for outdoor use.
May not hold up to the stress of power surges, so using them in areas such as workshops isn’t advisable.
If the outlet is wired for a dimmer or three-way bulb, make sure you purchase a CFL rated for the specific use.
LEDs
These bulbs use an electrical current passed through semiconductor material to illuminate the tiny diodes
called LEDs. The heat produced is absorbed into a heat sink, keeping the bulbs cool to the touch.
Available for outdoor use; just make sure the packaging indicates the bulb is rated for outdoor use.
Does not contribute to heat buildup, which helps save on air conditioning.

Incandescent Bulbs

In 2007 Congress passed the Energy Independence and Security Act requiring new energy-efficient standards for basic light bulbs. All standard 100-, 75-, 60- and 40-watt incandescent bulbs are being phased out and will no longer be produced. Standard incandescent bulbs will still be available to purchase while supplies last. A number of specialty incandescent bulbs, such as chandelier bulbs, will remain available.
Incandescent bulbs use a filament that’s heated to the point of glowing. The glowing filament produces the bulb’s light.
Incandescent bulbs last on average for 1 year.
Incandescent bulbs do not contain mercury.
They can be used with a dimmer switch.

Fluorescent Bulbs

Fluorescent light bulb.
Fluorescent bulbs or tubes are filled with mercury vapor that emits UV light when electricity is applied. The bulbs/tubes have a coating inside that turns the UV rays into visible light. They use less energy than an incandescent bulb.
Fluorescent lights are usually long and tube-shaped, but also come in u-shaped bulbs.
Fluorescent tubes will not work without a ballast.

Halogen Bulbs

Halogen light bulb.
Halogen bulbs use a filament that’s heated to the point of glowing, the same as incandescent bulbs, but they use less energy.
Halogen bulbs last on average 1 year.
Halogen bulbs do not contain mercury.

HID Bulbs
High Intensity Discharge (HID) bulbs are primarily used in larger spaces such as warehouses, commercial buildings or in streetlights. They are filled with sodium or mercury vapor that conducts electricity. HID bulbs don’t have filaments like most light bulbs, so they last longer.

Lumens and Watts

Lumens – the amount of light emitted from a light bulb. More lumens equals brighter light, fewer lumens equals dimmer light. Standard 100-watt bulbs produce about 1600 lumens.
Watts – the amount of energy a light bulb uses. The lower the watts, the lower the electric bill. CFLs and LEDs have a lower wattage than incandescent bulbs, but emit the same light output.

 

 

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Fluorescent Light Parts Diagram, How to Work

fl-construction-fluorescent-lamps-all-fluorescent-light-parts-fluorescent-light-iphone-fluorescent-light-design circuit

Fluorescent Light Parts Diagram, How to Work

Neon (fluorescent lamp) TL lamps are probably the most widely used lights today. Neon fluorescent lamps (Fluorescent Lamp) are often used as lighting devices in factories, warehouses, shopping malls, schools and also in offices. But along with the development of LED Lights Technology as lights. LED lamp adoption rate is increasing and will gradually replace the Fluorescent Lighting Lamp (Fluorescent).

The term TL is an extension of “Tube Luminescent” or there is also a mention of “Tube Lamp” is a “Tube” Tube Lamp. In everyday life, we can find 2 types of Technology on TL Lamp (Tube Lamp) that is Fluorescent Technology (Neon) and LED Technology (Light Emitting Diodes).

How the TL Fluorescent Lamp Works

Basically, TL Lamp with Fluorescent Technology (FL) is a vacuum tube lamp with incandescent wire in both ends (Electrode). The tube is filled with Mercury and low pressure gas argon. The glass tube is also coated by the phosphor layer (phosphor). When Electrical Flow Flows, Electrodes will heat up and cause Electrons to move from one end to the other.

The electrical energy will also result in the previous mercury being a liquid converting to gas. Electron displacement will collide with Atomic Mercury so that Electron Energy will rise to a higher level. Electrons will release light when energy The electrons return to their normal levels.

wiring harness diagram for a fluorescent light
wiring harness diagram for a fluorescent light

wiring harness -diagram-for-a-fluorescent-light-diagram-fluorescent-light-parts-fluorescent-light-parts-tube-socket

TL Fluorescent Lamp Circuit

The Fluorescent TL lamp requires a Starter and Ballast to turn it on. Starter Fluorescent TL Fluorescence is an automatic switch that helps heat the electrodes for the transfer of electrons in the Fluorescent Tube. It should be remembered that in order to heat the electrodes in order that the gases contained in the Lamp Tube (TL) may fluoresce, a high voltage up to 400 Volts is required. After the ignition process is complete, the Bi-metal on the starter will open (open).

Thus the Starter can be removed from the TL Fluorescent Lamp Series due to the use of Starter only during ignition. While the Ballast contained in the Neon / TL Fluorescent TL Lights Circuit serves as a limiting magnitude of the current and stabilizes. The current in order to operate the TL Fluorescent Lamp on the appropriate electrical characteristics. There are 2 types of Ballasts, namely Inductive Ballast and Inductive Ballast (Electronic Ballast).

Also read our article about Brighten The Ambiance with Landscape Lighting Design Ideas“.

 

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